Exodus: Advanced Bible Study with Hebrew, History, and Archeology


Take – Home Exam on Exodus  9/20/2010

1.  Write verses 20:2-17 from Exodus in Hebrew, transliterated Hebrew, and English.

Aseret Hadiberot
“Ten Commandments”

2. Conjugate one verb in Hebrew (I wrote, I write).

3. Learn the Hebrew pronouns.

4. Learn how to make words plural in Hebrew, converting masculine to feminine

5. Write a list and translate 44 words in hebrew, transliterated hebrew, and english.


6. What are the different words used for God in Exodus, and from which literary traditions do many biblical scholars believe them to derive?  In which verse does God

7. The 10 commandments are repeated or discussed at 3 different points in the pentateuch (Deuteronomy 5), 2 of them in Exodus (Exodus 20 and Exodus 34).  Discuss the differences in the accounts/commandments, and their proposed authorship according to the documentary hypothesis.  Discuss similarities found with the Egyptian “Book of the Dead” and Hittite treaty documents. 

8. There are at least 4 different proposed sites for Mt. Sinai.  Discuss the evidence for each of these proposed routes and draw them.  Draw in mentioned sites and events from Exodus.

9. Identify the main theme of Exodus.

10.  Explain in which stories the following cultural themes are addressed and how:

a) seeing God

11. Find where the following theological concepts are introduced and how:

.a) hell Ex. 15:12 (maybe?)

b) communion (eating bread in the presence of God) Ex. 18:12

c) sacrifice

d) passover

e) Holy Spirit

f) food rituals

g) sanctification of temple; temple as God’s house

h) priesthood

12.  Choose one of the following topics controversially introduced in Exodus.  Write an essay, supporting the biblical statements with quotes from Exodus, and stating cultural arguments against a literal interpretation.

a) the fusion of nationalism with religion (Ex 23:20)

b) chosen people

c) genetics of chosenness or priesthood.

13.  Explain where in Exodus the following are introduced, historical evidence and origin:









legal system

other gods


gems:  ruby, topaz, beryl, turquoise, sapphire, emerald, jacinth, agate, amethyst, chrysolite, onyx, jasper. 


14.  Summarize Exodus.

15.  Explain the Hebrew calendar.  Listing the months and the days of the week in Hebrew.


16.  Show the relative sizes of the tribes of Israel at departure.  Discuss the feasibility of this many people traveling together without massive evidence.  How feasible is it for them to have achieved this size from 70 people in the 430 years of slavery given slaughter of the male firstborn.

17.  Map of peoples occupying the land during the exodus.

18.  Historical evidence for the Exodus.

19.  Historical evidence for the plagues.

20.  How does God manifest himself to various people in Exodus:

21. Units of measurement


Ephah (10 omars)


Talents of gold, shekels, beka 

Talents of silver, shekels

Talents of bronze, shekels

22 What written records are mentioned in Exodus?

23. Describe the Passover ritual from Exodus.  From which literary tradition does it derive? 


24.  Descibe the instructions for the construction of the tabernacle, ark, tent, priestly attire…  Note any differences in the actual reported construction, and the instructions.  What was the relative cost in terms of the worth of goods at the time?


25.  Ethiopians claim to have the actual ark in Ethiopia.  It may also be an ancient duplicate of the ark.  Discuss the location of it, and how they believe to have acquired it.  What evidence supports or refutes its existence as the actual ark?


26.Make a list of laws given in Exodus.  After the 10 commandments, pick which 5 you believe were the most important.



27.What is the origin of the Song of the Red Sea.  List and discuss at least 5 interesting features of this song.


28. Discuss the change in style from Genesis to Exodus from a story telling, teaching by example, to a dictatorial authoritative declaration of rules.



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